PMS AND PMDD
INFERTILITY AND MENTAL HEALTH
PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESS DURING PREGNANCY
Nazzari S, Fearon P, Rice F, Ciceri F, Molteni M, Frigerio A. Dev Psychobiol. 2020 Mar 31.
Higher maternal diurnal cortisol and CRP levels were independently associated with lower infant cognitive development scores, while adjusting for infant gender and gestational age, maternal IQ, caregiving, depressive, or anxiety symptoms.
Freeman MP, Savella GM, Church TR, Góez-Mogollón L, Sosinsky AZ, Noe OB, Kaimal A, Cohen LS. Ann Clin Psychiatry. 2019 Feb;31(1):4-16.
In women with MDD who discontinued antidepressant proximate to conception, treatment with EmbraceHR was associated with lower rates of depressive relapse (27.3% P = .005) than expected from a historical comparison group and no significant changes in MADRS scores. In participants who depressed at study entry, treatment with EmbraceHR resulted in significant improvements in depressive symptoms (P = .001), with 5 (83.3%) improving >50% and 1 improving 33.3%.
MEDICATIONS AND PREGNANCY
Molenaar NM, Lambregtse-van den Berg MP, Bonsel GJ. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2020 Feb;23(1):71-79. Free Article
Dispensing rates of SSRIs in Denmark steadily increased over the last 16 years, especially during pregnancy, caused by an increase in the proportion of women continuing their medication during pregnancy.
Bais B, Molenaar NM, Bijma HH, Hoogendijk WJG, Mulder CL, Luik AI, Lambregtse-van den Berg MP, Kamperman AM. J Affect Disord. 2020 Mar 5;269:18-27.
The worldwide prevalence of benzodiazepine use/prescriptions during pregnancy was 1.9%. Highest prevalence was found in the third trimester (3.1%;). Lorazepam was the most frequently used/prescribed benzodiazepine (1.5%). Highest prevalence was found in Eastern Europe (14.0%).
POSTPARTUM PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESS
Liu X, Plana-Ripoll O, Ingstrup KG, Agerbo E, Skjærven R, Munk-Olsen T. Hum Reprod. 2020 Mar 29.
This study indicates that postpartum psychiatric disorders have a significant impact on subsequent live birth, as women experiencing these disorders have a decreased likelihood of having more children.
MEDICATIONS AND BREASTFEEDING
PERINATAL SUBSTANCE USE
Yusuf KK, Wilson R, Mbah A, Sappenfield W, King LM, Salihu HM. South Med J. 2020 Apr;113(4):156-163.
Higher levels of smoking, as measured using cotinine levels, was associated with lower folate levels. Prepregnancy maternal body mass index, stress, and depression also were associated with folate levels.
MATERNAL MENTAL HEALTH AND CHILD OUTCOMES
Netsi E, Coll CVN, Stein A, Silveira MF, Bertoldi AD, Bassani DG, Wehrmeister FC, Domingues MR. J Affect Disord. 2020 Apr 15;267:315-324. Free Article
For severe depression (EPDS?17) there was an increased risk for lower APGAR scores (OR 1.63) and being small for gestational age (OR 1.77), with an increased risk for female offspring in particular to be in the lower weight centiles, to be SGA (OR 3.74) and in the lower 10th centile for length (OR 2.19).
The programming role of maternal antenatal inflammation on infants’ early neurodevelopment: A review of human studies: Special Section on “Translational and Neuroscience Studies in Affective Disorders” Section Editor, Maria Nobile MD, PhD.
Nazzari S, Frigerio A. J Affect Disord. 2020 Feb 15;263:739-746.
Maternal inflammation during pregnancy is a frequently proposed mechanism underlying the link between maternal antenatal physical (e.g. infections, immune disease, obesity) and/or psychological (e.g. depression, anxiety) conditions and child outcomes. However, data regarding the extent to which maternal inflammation is directly associated with offspring’s early development and health in humans is more limited.
Shay M, Tomfohr-Madsen L, Tough S. Can J Public Health. 2020 Mar 25.
In a sample of 1582 mother-child pairs, there was no direct relationship between psychological distress and child overweight status. Both anxiety and depression were associated with decreased duration of breastfeeding. Breastfeeding duration mediated the association between maternal prenatal psychological distress and child overweight status at 24 months, for both anxiety and depression.
Tichelman E, Westerneng M, Witteveen AB, van Baar AL, van der Horst HE, de Jonge A, Berger MY, Schellevis FG, Burger H, Peters LL. PLoS One. 2019 Sep 24;14(9).
MENOPAUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH
OTHER TOPICS IN WOMEN’S MENTAL HEALTH
Freeman MP. J Clin Psychiatry. 2020 Mar 31;81(2). Free Article
Freeman MP, Papakostas GI, Hoeppner B, Mazzone E, Judge H, Cusin C, Mathew S, Sanacora G, Iosifescu D, DeBattista C, Trivedi MH, Fava M. J Psychiatr Res. 2019 Mar;110:166-171.
Although there was no evidence of differential efficacy of ketamine for the treatment of depression between women and men, women were more likely to have side effects (nausea and headaches).