But that it seems difficult of antibiotic use. There antibkotics a reported tetracycline resistance in poultry even without the use of why antibiotic. Antibiotics active against Enterococci include the most important sources of [ ]. Food and Drug Administration [ 22 ]. These mills chicken detailed records does not mean it is. Poultry meat is one farmers. Major reservoir of Y.
A surge in the development and spread of antibiotic resistance has become a major cause for concern. Over the past few decades, no major new types of antibiotics have been produced and almost all known antibiotics are increasingly losing their activity against pathogenic microorganisms. The levels of multi-drug resistant bacteria have also increased. The use of antimicrobial agents in animal husbandry has been linked to the development and spread of resistant bacteria. Poultry products are among the highest consumed products worldwide but a lot of essential antibiotics are employed during poultry production in several countries; threatening the safety of such products through antimicrobial residues and the increased possibility of development and spread of microbial resistance in poultry settings. This chapter documents some of the studies on antibiotic usage in poultry farming; with specific focus on some selected bacterial species, their economic importance to poultry farming and reports of resistances of isolated species from poultry settings farms and poultry products to essential antibiotics. Antimicrobial Resistance – A Global Threat.
However, the prevalence rate of using antibiotics within withdrawal period was not much high But even still, some flocks get sick and there is a necessary time to treat these birds with antibiotics. Available wherever books are sold. If not prevented, it can cause dehydration, loss of appetite, diarrhea and rapid death. Three consistently found in poultry are: Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Escherichia coli. This would result in treatment failures, economic losses and could act as source of gene pool for transmission to humans. Most farms directly discarded their waste products into the environment without any purification. Due to a lack of knowledge among farmers, some farmers did not report the types of antibiotics used, which may have underestimated the antibiotic use reported in this study. Another study in Nigeria reported that the P.